Attitude Theory Test 2021

The Attitude Theory Test consists of 39 questions.
You need 34 out of 39 (86%) to pass. There is no time limit for this test.
Click here to read our Attitude Theory Test revision notes.

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A Accelerate
B Give way to pedestrians already crossing the road
C Give way to pedestrians waiting to cross
D Stop and wait for the green light
Correct Answer: B Give way to pedestrians already crossing the road
Explanation: Pelican crossings are pedestrian-operated signalised crossings. The signals are changed using push-button controls. There is no red-and-amber stage preceding green at pelican crossings. Instead, there is a flashing amber light. This means you must yield to pedestrians who are already crossing the street. However, if the crossing is clear, you can proceed.
A Another vehicle may be endangering them
B It will increase your journey time
C They may not all be ready to cross
D They might think you're making a rude gesture
Correct Answer: A Another vehicle may be endangering them
Explanation: Reduce your speed and get ready to stop if you see people waiting at a pedestrian crossing. Don't prompt them to cross the road by gesturing to them. This could be potentially dangerous as other drivers may not be able to stop in time if they fail to see the pedestrians.
3. What is 'tailgating'? Mark one answer
A Driving too closely behind another vehicle
B Keeping rear fog lights on even in broad daylight
C Opening the boot or rear door of a car
D Reverse parking
Correct Answer: A Driving too closely behind another vehicle
Explanation: When a driver or rider follows the vehicle in front of them too closely, it is referred to as 'tailgating.' It's unsafe because it limits their view of the road ahead. It leaves no room for error if the vehicle in front of them unexpectedly slows down or stops. Tailgating is often the primary cause of rear-end accidents and pile-ups.
A You will be distracted by words on the rear doors
B You will use more fuel
C Your view ahead will be reduced, and the lorry driver won't see you
D Your windscreen might fog up
Correct Answer: C Your view ahead will be reduced, and the lorry driver won't see you
Explanation: Maintaining your distance will give you a better view of the road ahead. This will allow you to see any potential hazards and give you more time to respond.
Correct Answer: A Four seconds
Explanation: The grip of your tyres on the road will be reduced by water. In rainy weather, the two-second safe separation gap should be increased to four seconds.
A Exit at the next junction
B Maintain your speed
C Slow down to let them pass
D Speed up to get ahead
Correct Answer: C Slow down to let them pass
Explanation: A long lorry carrying a heavy load will take longer to pass you than a car, particularly if the road is uphill. Enable the lorry to pass by slowing down.
A A bomb disposal vehicle
B A breakdown recovery vehicle
C A motorway maintenance vehicle
D A snow plough
Correct Answer: A A bomb disposal vehicle
Explanation: Blue flashing lights are used by emergency vehicles to provide additional warning of a hazard. If you see or hear one approaching, move out of its way, providing it's safe and legal to do so.
A Accelerate to speed up the flow of traffic
B Maintain a steady speed
C Pull over when it is safe to do so
D Stop in the road
Correct Answer: C Pull over when it is safe to do so
Explanation: Pull over to the side of the road so that the ambulance can safely pass. Make sure there aren't any bollards or other hazards in the road that would hinder the ambulance’s progress.
A A doctor's vehicle
B A fire engine
C A road gritter
D An ambulance
Correct Answer: A A doctor's vehicle
Explanation: A vehicle with a green flashing beacon indicates that the driver or passenger is a doctor on call. If it's safe to do so, give way to the vehicle. Keep in mind that the vehicle may be travelling at speed or may make a sudden stop.
A Bus drivers
B Drivers of mobility scooters
C Motorcyclists
D Tram drivers
Correct Answer: D Tram drivers
Explanation: Diamond-shaped traffic signs are specific to tram drivers. However, drivers of other vehicles should know what they mean so they're aware of what the tram driver may do and what their priorities are.
A Bus drivers
B Car drivers
C Cyclists
D HGV drivers
Correct Answer: C Cyclists
Explanation: Tram rails are more slippery than tarmac, and could potentially cause cyclists to lose their balance or fall. Additionally, narrow bicycle wheels can get stuck in tram rails, causing them to wobble, stop, or lose their balance.
A To alert others of your presence
B To get the attention of road users you recognise
C To let other drivers know they've annoyed you
D To make other road users stop
Correct Answer: A To alert others of your presence
Explanation: Unless a moving vehicle presents a danger, your horn should not be used between 11:30pm and 7am in built up areas or while stationary. The purpose of the horn is to let other road users know you're there.
A Either lane
B The left-hand lane
C The right-hand lane
D You can't turn right in a one-way street
Correct Answer: C The right-hand lane
Explanation: When turning right on a one-way street, you should position yourself in the right-hand lane. This way, anyone not turning can pass on your left. Ensure you indicate in good time, and switch lanes early to let everyone know your intentions.
A So that other drivers have time to plan accordingly
B To allow drivers to overtake you
C To get a better view of the road
D To let other drivers undertake you if they want
Correct Answer: A So that other drivers have time to plan accordingly
Explanation: You should indicate and move into position for the turn early. The correct position is nearer the centre of the road, allowing vehicles not turning to pass on your left. Giving nearby drivers early warning of your intentions helps prevent hazards.
A Pelican
B Puffin
C Toucan
D Zebra
Correct Answer: C Toucan
Explanation: Toucan crossings allow both cyclists and pedestrians to cross simultaneously. Cyclists may approach the crossing at high speeds, so be extra wary of this.
A Go faster
B Let the vehicle overtake
C Maintain your speed and move out to stop them overtaking
D Tap the brakes to let them know they're too close
Correct Answer: B Let the vehicle overtake
Explanation: Blocking another vehicle's progress to enforce a speed limit will only frustrate the driver behind, potentially making the situation more dangerous. You should allow the vehicle to pass when it's safe to do so.
A To let them know you're giving way to them
B To let them know you're there
C To show you're about to turn
D To tell them you are about to pull out
Correct Answer: B To let them know you're there
Explanation: Your headlights should only be flashed to warn other drivers that you're there. They should not be used in frustration, to give others priority, or to greet people. This could cause a misunderstanding, increasing risk of a collision.
A Accelerate quickly through the junction
B Accelerate, looking left and right quickly
C Slow down or stop, then look both ways
D Stop the car, get out and have a look
Correct Answer: C Slow down or stop, then look both ways
Explanation: You should be cautious at unmarked junctions, especially where obstructions - such as hedges, parked cars, and buildings - block your view. In summer months, foliage may have grown to obstruct your view further, so take extra care.
A When approaching traffic lights on green
B When ensuring there is enough distance between you and the car in front
C When switching lanes
D When your vehicle has stalled
Correct Answer: B When ensuring there is enough distance between you and the car in front
Explanation: The 'two-second rule' can be used to judge the distance between you and the vehicle in front in good conditions. Look ahead for a fixed object - road markings or signs, for example - and begin saying this phrase when the vehicle ahead passes it: 'Only a fool breaks the two-second rule.' This phrase takes two seconds to say, so if you're unable to finish it before passing the object, you're too close.
A Flashing amber
B Flashing green
C Steady amber
D Steady red
Correct Answer: C Steady amber
Explanation: Infra-red sensors at Puffin crossings detect when pedestrians are still crossing, and keep the red light showing until they've crossed. There is no flashing amber phase at puffin crossings, setting them apart from pelican crossings.
A Ignore them and continue as you were
B Indicate left and wave for them to pass you
C Move towards the centre of the road to prevent them passing
D Slow down further
Correct Answer: D Slow down further
Explanation: Drivers following too closely increases the risk of collision, as there's less time for them to brake if you suddenly need to stop. The best thing to do is slow down, increasing the gap in front of you. Doing this lessens the odds that you'll have to stop suddenly, giving you more space to brake in case of a hazard. This is an example of defensive driving.
A Dipped headlights
B Fog lights
C Full-beam headlights
D Sidelights only
Correct Answer: A Dipped headlights
Explanation: Full-beam headlights can dazzle other drivers. Only use them when you're sure other road users won't be dazzled.
A Assume the indication was a mistake
B Keep driving, staying left
C Slow down and allow the vehicle to turn
D Sound your horn
Correct Answer: C Slow down and allow the vehicle to turn
Explanation: Large, long vehicles may move to the right side of the road in order to make a left turn. This is because they need extra room while turning. Don't attempt to pass them on the left. Stay back and give them plenty of space.
A Flash your headlights
B Slow down to leave an appropriate distance between you and the car
C Sound your horn to show your annoyance
D Tailgate the car
Correct Answer: B Slow down to leave an appropriate distance between you and the car
Explanation: It is inevitable that other drivers will make bad decisions and mistakes. Keep calm and don't retaliate or driver aggressively. The safety of you, your passengers, and other road users should always come fire.
A Apply the parking brake and release the footbrake
B Press hard on the footbrake
C Use the clutch and accelerator to maintain your position
D Use the parking brake and footbrake
Correct Answer: A Apply the parking brake and release the footbrake
Explanation: When possible, you should apply your handbrake while queuing in traffic. Keeping your footbrake depressed can cause your brake lights to dazzle drivers behind.
A Accelerate to get away from them
B Maintain your course and speed, allowing them to overtake
C Move towards the car in front, giving the overtaking driver nowhere to go
D Wave at the overtaking driver to give them permission to pass
Correct Answer: B Maintain your course and speed, allowing them to overtake
Explanation: Responding incorrectly to impatient drivers can cause hazards and collisions. You should maintain your course and allow the driver behind to overtake. Slow down if necessary.
A It is a 24-hour bus lane
B It is not in use
C It is only in use at peak times
D It is only in use during daylight
Correct Answer: A It is a 24-hour bus lane
Explanation: The times of operation of a bus lane and the types of vehicles allowed to use it are shown on bus-lane signs. If a sign shows no hours of operation, it is a 24-hour bus lane.
A Ignore them and carry on; they have no authority over you
B Pass quickly
C Slow down but continue
D Stop and switch off your engine
Correct Answer: D Stop and switch off your engine
Explanation: Animals are unpredictable. If startled, they could run into your path or the path of another vehicle. You should stop and turn off your engine if someone in charge of animals asks you to do so.
A Flash your lights
B Pass quickly
C Pass slowly and carefully, ensuring the horse doesn't get startled
D Sound your horn to let them know you're there
Correct Answer: C Pass slowly and carefully, ensuring the horse doesn't get startled
Explanation: Passing too closely, too loudly, or too quickly can cause horses to startle or panic. Give them plenty of room as you pass, keeping your speed and engine revs low. You may need to go onto the other side of the road to pass safely.
A Flash your lights to tell them they can cross
B Give way to vulnerable pedestrians only
C Reduce your speed and get ready to stop
D Sound your horn to stop them crossing
Correct Answer: C Reduce your speed and get ready to stop
Explanation: Always check for waiting pedestrians as you approach zebra crossings. If you see any, slow down and be prepared to stop. Children and the elderly may cross unpredictably or slowly, so be especially careful around them.
A Accelerate past it and sound your horn
B Move up close to it and flash your lights
C Slow down and be prepared to stop
D Swerve and continue past it
Correct Answer: C Slow down and be prepared to stop
Explanation: Planning ahead and anticipating hazards makes you better prepared for the unexpected. Knowing what's around you helps you predict problems that might arise. Other drivers will inevitably make mistakes; keep calm and react in the safest way possible.
A After two minutes
B When pedestrians signal that they've finished crossing
C When there are no more pedestrians on the crossing
D When your vehicle nears the crossing
Correct Answer: C When there are no more pedestrians on the crossing
Explanation: Puffin crossings have infra-red sensors that detect when the crossing is clear. Only drive on when the green light shows, indicating it is safe.
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Ensure you are familiar with all of the visual aids and warning lights on your vehicle's dashboard. Take time to learn them before driving a new vehicle for the first time, ensuring you know how to respond when they light up.
Correct Answer: A Dry
Explanation: Use the 'two-second rule' in good, dry conditions, staying at least two seconds from any vehicle in front. This allows time and space for you to stop if the driver ahead stops suddenly
A Flash your headlights periodically
B Turn off your lights
C Turn on your full-beam headlights
D Use dipped headlights
Correct Answer: D Use dipped headlights
Explanation: The drivers of vehicles ahead could be dazzled if you drive behind them with your full-beam headlights on. Ensure your lights are dipped when following other vehicles at night, and leave an amount of space appropriate for the conditions
A Continue but wave people past
B Indicate left when it is safe for vehicles to pass
C Pull over when it is safe to do so and allow traffic to overtake you
D Stay in the centre of the road to stop anyone overtaking
Correct Answer: C Pull over when it is safe to do so and allow traffic to overtake you
Explanation: Waving traffic past could be dangerous, as they won't have been able to look past you to spot hazards you could have missed. If vehicles begin to queue behind you, the best thing to do is find a safe place to pull over and let them past.
A It could leak fuel, making the road slippery
B The engine might not start
C Your vehicle will be less efficient
D Your vehicle's exhaust emissions will increase
Correct Answer: A It could leak fuel, making the road slippery
Explanation: An improperly secured filler cap can cause fuel to spill, usually at junctions, roundabouts, and on bends. Spilled fuel makes the road surface slippery. This is especially true during long periods of dry weather, when there's been no rain to wash away previous spills.
A Avoid fully filling your fuel tank
B Ensure the filler cap is tightly fastened
C Tap your fuel gauge to ensure it's working
D Use only a locking filler cap
Correct Answer: B Ensure the filler cap is tightly fastened
Explanation: Practising filling your fuel tank is a good thing to do while learning to drive. If your instructor does not offer to help you do this, ask them. Learn how to spot the filler cap on your car, how to pull up at the pump, and take care not to overfill your tank to avoid spilling any excess fuel onto the road.
A Competitive
B Considerate
C Defensive
D Responsible
Correct Answer: A Competitive
Explanation: Questioning the actions of other road users is defensive driving, and can help you predict possible hazards and react accordingly. The opposite driving style is competitive driving. This increases the risk of collision for all other nearby road users.